San Juan Bautista School of Medicine has the responsibility to offer an educational program that will enable students to offer high quality medical services to the community. Our endeavor is to excel, as a private academic health center, in the preparation of health care physicians focusing on community-based, humanistic medicine.
The educational progress of the medical student, that will make him an efficient member of the health team, is of great concern for our School. This professional formation does not end with granting the degree of Doctor of Medicine; it is rather a continuing process that will last a lifetime.
The study and good practice of medicine requires perseverance, initiative, individual effort, personal sacrifice, intelligence and personality that is favourable to dealing with patients, colleagues, and other health professionals.
In keeping with official policies, San Juan Bautista School of Medicine does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, ancestry, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation and veteran, marital or parental status. If a candidate is accepted at SJBSM and has a disability that requires reasonable accommodation must present a written request to the Deanship of Students Affairs Office.
Essential Abilities and Skills for Medical School Completion
The SJBSM faculty and administration are guided by the standards established by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) for all matters related to selection of students, admission and in monitoring their academic progress within the curriculum. Since the M.D. degree validates that the holder is a physician prepared for entry into the practice of medicine by way of postgraduate training programs, it becomes necessary that graduates must acquire a foundation of knowledge in the basic and clinical sciences that will allow and facilitate their admission into any of the several specialties of the medical field.
A candidate for the M.D. degree must have abilities and skills in six essential areas: (1) observation, (2) communication, (3) motor, (4) conceptual, integrative and quantitative, (5) behavioral and social, and (6) ethical. Technological compensation can be made for disabilities in certain of these areas; however, a candidate should be able to perform in a reasonably independent manner. The use of a trained intermediary to observe or interpret information or to perform procedures is deemed to compromise the essential function of the physician and may jeopardize the safety of the patient. The six areas of abilities/skills are specified below:
Candidates must be able to:
- Observe and/or participate in demonstrations and experiments of biomedical sciences, including, but not limited to such things as dissection of cadavers; examination of specimens in anatomy, pathophysiology, and neuroanatomy laboratories; microbiologic cultures and microscopic study of microorganisms and tissues in normal and pathologic states.
- Accurately observe patients and assess findings.
- Obtain a medical history and perform a complete physical examination in order to integrate findings based on these observations and to develop an appropriate diagnostic and treatment plan.
- Observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand.
- Perform this standard in the community setting.
Observation necessitates the functional use of the sense of vision, hearing, and somatic sensation. It is enhanced by the functional use of the sense of smell.
Candidates must be able to speak, listen, and observe patients in a sensitive manner, in order to communicate effectively and efficiently with patients, their families, community and members of the health care team. They must be able to obtain a medical history in a timely fashion, interpret non-verbal aspects of communication, and establish therapeutic relationships with patients. The candidate must also be able to communicate orally and in written form, to record information accurately and clearly; and to communicate effectively with other health care professionals, in a variety of clinical settings. In addition, candidates must demonstrate proficiency in both Spanish and English.
Candidates must possess the sufficient motor function to obtain information from patient by palpation, auscultation, percussion, and other diagnostic procedures to perform a complete physical examination; to do basic laboratory tests; to carry out diagnostic procedures; to read electrocardiograms and radiographs; and to conduct anatomical dissections in the biomedical sciences and clinical years.
They must be able to respond to emergency situations in a timely manner, and provide general and emergency care. Examples of emergency treatment reasonably required of physicians are:
cardiopulmonary resuscitation, administration of intravenous medication, application of pressure to stop bleeding, opening of obstructed airways, suturing of simple wounds and performance of simple obstetrical maneuvers. Such actions require coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium and functional use of the senses of touch and vision.
They must adhere to universal precaution measures and meet safety standards applicable to inpatient and outpatient settings, other clinical activities and in community service.
INTELLECTUAL-CONCEPTUAL, INTEGRATIVE, AND QUANTITATIVE ABILITIES:
Candidates must have sufficient cognitive abilities and effective learning techniques to assimilate the detailed and complex information presented in the medical curriculum. These abilities include measurement, calculation, reasoning, analysis, and synthesis. They must be able to learn through a variety of modalities including, but not limited to: classroom instruction; small group activities, team and collaborative efforts; individual study; preparation and presentation of reports; community service and use of computer technology. Candidates must be able to memorize measure, calculate reason, analyze, synthesize, and transmit information across modalities. They must recognize and draw conclusions about three-dimensional spatial relationships and logical sequential relationships among events. They must be able to formulate and test hypotheses that enable effective and timely problem-solving in diagnosis and treatment of patients in a variety of clinical settings.
BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL ATTRIBUTES:
Candidates must demonstrate the maturity and emotional stability required for full use of their intellectual abilities. They must accept responsibility for learning, exercising good judgment, and promptly completing all duties attendant to the diagnosis and care of patients, and to develop mature, sensitive, and appropriate relationships with them. They must understand the legal and ethical aspects of the practice of medicine and function within both the law and ethical standards of the medical profession. Candidates must be able to work effectively, respectfully and professionally as part of the healthcare team, and to interact with patients, their families, community and health care personnel in a courteous, honest, professional, and respectful manner. They must be able to tolerate physically demanding workloads and long work hours, to function effectively under stress, and to display flexibility and adaptability to changing environments. They must be capable of regular, reliable and punctual attendance at all academic activities and to their clinical and community responsibilities.
Candidates must be able to contribute towards a collaborative, constructive learning environment; accept positive feedback from others; and take personal responsibility for making appropriate changes. It is expected that minimum accommodation will be requested with regards to this set of standards.
ETHICAL AND LEGAL STANDARDS:
Candidates must meet the legal standards to obtain the license to practice medicine in Puerto Rico. As such, candidates for admission must acknowledge and provide written explanation of any felony offense, or disciplinary action taken against them, prior to enrollment in the San Juan Bautista School of Medicine. In addition, if the student would be convicted of any felony offense while in medical school, they agree to immediately notify the Associate Dean for Student Affairs as to the nature of the conviction. Failure to disclose prior or new offenses can lead to disciplinary action by the San Juan Bautista School of Medicine, which may include dismissal.
Graduates from our MD program will have taken the USMLE Board Examinations Steps 1 and 2 during their medical studies, but will need to apply for the USMLE Step 3 in order to practice medicine.